*J.F.M or joint forest management involves local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.

*The program was started in 1998, in the state of Odisha.

*J.F.M depends on the formation of local institutions that undertake protection activities mostly on degraded forest land managed by the forest department
*In return, the members of this communities are given intermediary benefits like non-timber forest produces and share in the timber harvested by 'successful protection'.