Here I am explaining what Pandit DeenDayal U said by the above quote.
Before independence of India, all
nationalist political parties and freedom fighters had only one aim, to get
independence and to drive the British away.
But once, India gets independence, then what? Thus what independence means and how we are
going to develop our country and people, are important issues. In this light, during a series of speeches,
Deendayal U. made this famous quote.
First we look at Deendayal's opinion on
culture. Culture is the set of practices
in a social system. We have a culture
for normal life style, economical culture, political culture and business
culture. Bhaarat, our country, has a
special culture called Bharatiya culture.
Its main feature is that it looks upon life as an integrated whole, as
against the Western, where life is treated as many parts which are patched
together. It means that all phases of
life are well thought of with a good transition. So Indian culture is the one suitable for us.
He firmly advocated that "one culture
policy" is the policy that can preserve the unity and integrity of India
and solve all our problems. Two culture
policy, advocated by some others, is not suitable. So as a nationalist we choose our culture to
follow and also because our culture is in our very nature and blood. Our culture is implicitly there with us.
Independence is intimately related to
one's own culture. What one means by
independence is dependent on one's traditions, religion, life style, behaviour,
history, principles etc. Independence is
being able to do what one wishes by the means one likes. People should not be forced by the government
or by other agencies to follow one culture.
Thus political parties asking for political independence must take this
into account. If they don't do so, the
independence movement is nothing but a fight for take-over of the ruling power
by a few power-greedy persons. So independence must give a freedom for each person to
express his/her culture. It should not
be curtailed. Only then, indpendence of
India will contribute to our progress in future.
India is one country because all Indians
follow Bharatiya culture and not because we live there geographically. Our Bharatiya culture can teach "cultural
tolerance" and "a life dedicated to duty" (karma) to the
world. Our culture is an evolution. Western cultures are results of revolutions
in human thoughts and social conflicts. If
we can reconcile the ideals of western political systems, with the help of our
Bharatiya culture than it can benefit us.
Bharatiya culture has diversity and
plurality. Indians have time and again
tried discovering scientifically the unity that puts them together. Chemists found that there are different
chemical elements in the world.
Physicists proved that all elements only consist of energy. So entire Universe consists of forms of
energy. Similarly, India consists of
only Bharatiya culture underneath all diversity and plurality.
creates for itself some social systems (associated cultures). How we live socially is our social
culture. Some of these social systems
later become a hindrance to prosperity of the country. Then we must give up those systems. As time progresses, those systems may again
be useful for us in our future. Certain
cultural practices may not be useful in later phases of a country. Forcing to stick to the old culture and not
being adaptive is a loss of cultural independence. Independence can be summarized as the
combination of all elements that create what we are at a particular point in
time. Then we change continuously as
the time progresses. Our culture also
changes accordingly. Not being able to
adapt ourselves like this is a loss of cultural independence. (In Pakistan there is no cultural
So along with political independence, people of India must have cultural independence too. Otherwise, its as bad as not getting independence from British.