This is related to the economics and
administration. Please see the points.
Pandit DeenDayal Upadhyaya
was a leader in Bharatiya Jana Sangh & RSS, that formed BJP later on. He
was a multi-talented and multifaceted fighter of
20th century from pre-independence to post-independence. Pandit
was a noted economist, writer, editor, political
scientist, journalist, sociologist, historian, thinker, employer and
philosopher too. He was a hardworking organiser,
speaker and influenced his followers through his idealism, intelligence and
completeness of his ideas. He is respected for his good leadership,
idealism and humanism.
He believed that "Dharma" was the correct guiding
principle to govern a state. He argued that neither capitalisam nor communism suitable
for India. DeenDayal conceived an alternative model of political and
economic governance. It is called as "Integral Humanism Theory (IHT)" and
was adopted by BJS/RSS/BJP during 1964-65. He supported the concept of
National sector (public sector organizations). His principles are
appreciated by many intellectuals including Dr. Subrahmanya Swamy and Deshmukh.
He started a monthly called "Rashtriya Dharma", a
weekly called "Panchajanya" and a daily called "Swadesh"
during 1940s and influenced people through his theories and views on economics
and political administration.
His principles and theories had the strong support of
himself practicing them with honesty, fearlessness and sincerity. There
was transparency in his models and practices. His ideas were influenced
by Gandhiji like Swaraj etc. He lived with an extreme simplicity like a
Deen Dayal Research Institute propagates a successful model of
rural development with self-reliance. Many villages are developed in
Chitrakoot. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam appreciated the services of the
institute. Many people believe that had he lived long enough, he would
have had a very strong influence on the positive development of economy and
administration in the last three decades.
Pandit D Upadhyaya had strongly advocated for an indigenous economics and administration model.
The contents can probably be listed as bullet points as below. Many of
the ideas were quite relevant for the country at that time.
1. The state should encourage a lot of Small Units (SSE) & manufacturing by the
masses for the masses. Opportunities for Enterpreneurship and
self-employment must be created by the government. SMEs should be
given opportunity to increase their production rather than big corporates
wiping them out in the market.
2. Land ownership
by people rather than by the state. So farmers and landowners will
work for themselves and do their best. This is unlike the communistic
3. A National sector with
a lot of Public sector - Private Sector Partnership. He was against total
corporatization and centralization. He did not like monopolies.
4. Economic freedom to the people and the
right to work. That means people can choose what
and how much business and work they want to do.
5. He was against the Five year planning system.
It was perceived to be a failure in some ways, as some things did not
work out well.
6. He wanted a strong self reliance in food (grains)
production and their storage needs. He wanted the
land reforms and agricultural marketing to be in favour of the people.
They were important at that time.
7. Secular state and united state, with
decentralized power. State should be secular in
terms of religions and castes etc. The power to rule and administrate
should not be concentrated at the center. It should be distributed to
local zones. He was a strong advocate of self-governance.
8. He was very much against Capitalists making a lot of
profits beyond Dharma. He criticized the government for
its policies encouraging big corporate houses.
9. Wanted Dharma be the guiding principle
for the state. He propagated this idea.
Gandhiji also based his many ideas and decisions on Dharma. Dharma
is the moral compass of the government which makes a person work according to
righteousness and justice.
10. Wanted socialistic approach
with some changes. He wanted a lot of focus on infrastructure, agriculture,
11. He wanted to have appropriate indigenized technology adapted to suite
local requirements in place of importing and using
arbitrary technology. Sustained manufacturing should be the principle for
12. Principled honest administration and fearlessness
to oppose. He never used the power to lead or
manage staff. His ideas and principles made people to just follow them.