Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was a leader in Bharatiya
Jana Sangh & RSS. He was a noted economist, writer, editor, political
scientist, journalist, sociologist, historian, thinker, employer and
He was born on 25th September
1916 in Mathura in a deeply Hindu religious and relatively poor family. He was intelligent and did excellent in academics.
He did graduation in Arts and studied PG
in Literature. He joined public service
with an intention to serve the common man, but later left it as it did not
allow him to.
DeenDayal was a proponent of
an alternative model of governance and politics. He argued that neither communism
nor capitalism were suitable for India. He supported socialism. His
political economical governance model is called Integral Humanism Theory (IHT) and
was adopted by BJS/RSS. He supported the concept of National sector (public
In 1940s, he started a monthly
“Rashtra Dharma”, a weekly Panchajanya and a daily “Swadesh” from
Lucknow. He believed that Dharma was the correct guiding principle to
govern a state. He wrote a drama in Hindi “Chandragupta Maurya” and a
biography of “Sankaracharya”. He translated biography of Hedgewar (RSS
founder) into Hindi from Marathi.
Unfortunately he was found dead mysteriously beside
railway tracks on 11th February 1968, while he was on a schedule train journey
in first class. He is respected for his
good leadership, idealism and humanism. Giving respect to him, his birth
place is called DeenDayal Dham.