There is no deficiency disease caused by water and other than DEHYDRATION
symptoms : nausea, lethargy, confusion.
man without takes he or she cannot live for more the one day.
may develop if water consumption fails to satisfy thirst; if the thirst
mechanism is not functioning properly, as during intense physical
exercise; or if there is excessive fluid loss, as with diarrhea or
vomiting. By the time thirst is apparent, there is already some degree
which is defined as loss of fluid amounting to at least 1 to 2 percent
of body weight. Symptoms can progress quickly if not corrected: dry
mouth, sunken eyes, poor skin turgor, cold hands and feet, weak and
rapid pulse, rapid and shallow breathing, confusion, exhaustion, and
coma. Loss of fluid constituting more than 10 percent of body weight may
be fatal. The elderly (whose thirst sensation may be dulled), people
who are ill, and those flying in airplanes are especially vulnerable to
dehydration. Infants and children with chronic undernutrition who
develop gastroenteritis may become severely dehydrated from diarrhea or vomiting. Treatment is with an intravenous or oral solution of glucose and salts.a person should take min 2 to 3 liters of water.