Below, you can find an exemplary piece on the topic you where asking for. Remember that it merely represents one of the takes you can have on the topic and shouldn't be taken as a perfect model. Some people can have different opinions, which is why I would like to encourage you, to re-write it to suit your own opinion on the topic.
The essay includes:
- Rough overview of Gandhi's Philosophy in general
- The way it resonates with his take on education
- Opinion of yours trully on the topic
When education is not only about knowledge
Education philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi
I strongly doubt that you could find an adult person in the modern world which will not know the name Mahatma Gandhi or just Gandhi at the very least. That being said, I am also quite positive that most of those individuals would not be able to state any of his postulates on society, governance, education or anything else for that matter. Just to clarify and establish a basis for our discourse let us point out the most important claims of Mahatma Gandhi's social philosophy.
We can say that Gandhi's view of the world was in a great deal shaped by experience brought back from Africa, where he lived and worked in his early days. He became a zealous opposer of modernization as a whole, that included, of course, the British Rule. It did not mean that Indians ruling in British stead would be better - not a all! In fact, he believed that the system British created in their strive for modernity, was something rotten from its very basis. Another of his ideas was that there should be no mechanization. People did not need it in his opinion, they managed without it for thousands of years before, why wouldn't they manage now? At the center of Gandhi's philosophy lie two keywords - Swaraj and Swadeshi. They can be translated as independence or autonomy and self-sufficiency or self-reliance. Both perfectly desribe his idea of an autonomous and self-sufficient village which is independent from the government, it fact, it has its own rulling body of five people chosen to be the rulling assembly every year, as a basic building block of the society. Knowing all that however, we need to think how it could be applied to education.
Gandhi was a propagator of autonomy on a village level and equality of all people living in peace. It is hardly surprising then to see that in his mindset, a school should also be able to provide for itself. At the same time it cannot be constrained by any government issued curriculum or any curriculum at all for that matter. What it needs though, are the teachers, teachers who are dedicated to their work and students, who are willing to teach by themselves by forming a special bond with the pupils. They should not only teach their students but learn from them at the same time. He did not want to get rid of school subjects however, teacher, teaching a certain subject should have freedom to teach the way they think is best. What is more, Gandhi believed that the most important subject from which the whole basic education (as he called it) should stem was productive handicraft. The reason for that being his strong conviction that a life of a craftsman or a labourer should be a good model for a decent life.
We need to think, was that the right way? Have we done wrong by pursuing modernity? I cannot answer the first question as it is too early to say I believe and it will be the future that will become a judge of our decisions. Nonetheless, I stronlgy believe that we chose the right path and modernity is something that we cannot run from, even though it is different from the traditional way of thinking. The important bit, I think, is finding the middle ground for the new and the old. We should learn better how to embrace modernity without comromising the traditions, without hurting the poor or destroying job opportunities. We should think we can adapt the traditional art for modern needs and how to bend modern rules to fit what we believe in - also, in terms of education.
I have no doubt in my mind that Gandhi would agree that in the world, where modernity is unavoidable, we should do our best to find a middle ground to be able to protect the culture, while taking advantage of the changes occuring across the Globe. With that reflection, I would like to finish. I really hope that it shed some light on the topic.
That is all, in case you had any questions, please drop me a line in the comments or via a private message,