Mahatma Gandhi was born on Oct. 2, 1869 at Porbandar, in Gujarat, in a noble Hindu family. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. After passing his matriculation examination, he was sent to England to study law. In 1890, he returned from England as a lawyer.Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement against the unjust treatment meted out to the Indians there by the British. As a result of his great efforts the British were forced to give more freedom to the Indians residing there.In 1914, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India and immediately put himself in the forefront of freedom struggle movement that had just begun. Within a few years he became the undisputed leader of the national movement for freedom.In order to free India from the foreign yoke, Gandhiji started three mass movements, namely, Non-cooperation movement in 1920, Civil Disobedience movement in 1930 and Quit India movement in 1942. These three movements shook the very foundation of British rule in India and brought millions of Indians into the freedom struggle movement.Gandhiji advocated non-violence and satyagraha as his chief weapons to achieve freedom. Many times he was arrested and put in jail. But nothing could deter his quest for national freedom.Gandhiji did not live long to enjoy the freedom of a free nation. On Jan.30, 1948, he was shot while going for prayer by Nathuram Godse who thought that Gandhiji was prioritising one community for the sake of the other. Thus, ended the life of the ‘Great Mahatma who lived and died for our motherland. “The light has gone out of our lives and everywhere it is dark”.Today Mahatma Gandhi is considered as ‘The Father of the nation because he laid the true foundation of frees India with his noble ideals and supreme sacrifice. His death was a blow to the forces of peace and democracy.