philosophy was based on a number of principles. They were to make a
person complete in terms of moral, ethical in addition to literacy.
Physical training is also to be a component. Education should develop
free thinking and not just vocation oriented. Education must make
Indians with good character and morals to form an ideal society in free
Independent India. It should not develop attitudes of slavery.
Education should be in local languages rather than in foreign languages.
Education must develop allround personality and not just intellectual.
Education must impart wisdom and lessons instead of knowledge and
Arts (handicrafts), culture, crafts, drawing,
painting are all supposed to be part of one’s education. He preferred
people to learn to spin charkha and weaving not just for making a living, but
also for the principles they inculcate in a person. Any education must
make a person think without a limit, and make him/her self-reliant.
Brahmacharya is important for a student. Seriousness was
important. There was no place for smoking, drinking etc. in his
Gandhiji’s principles are formed into “Nai Talim”
meaning “best education for all”. So it means there should not be any
discrimination. He was against corporatization, industrialization which
influenced education by orienting education to vocations.
Gandhiji’s view is that education is imparted in
direct form from a guru to students. So use of local languages is very
important in education. Gandhiji’s ideal principles have been followed in
many schools since a few decades, though not in the name of Gandhiji or Nai
Talim. Gandhiji’s education philosophy leads one a spiritual life.