There are many factors which affect a place's climate. for instance.
distance from equator.
distance from sea or ocean.
area of place ( mountaneous or in plains ).
amount of trees present in that place.
No. of factories present at there.
No. of vehicles used in that place( more vehicles more pollution and more heat too.)
pollution in that place.
amount of heat received by place from Sun.
heat caused by green house gases.
amount of co2 present in that place.
condition of ozone layer over that place.
height from sea level.