Simplified schematic of an island's fauna - all its animal species, highlighted in boxes.Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time. The corresponding term for plants in flora. Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to asbiota.Zoologists and planetologistusefauna to refer to a typical collection of animals found in a specific time or place, e.g. the "Sonoran desertfauna" or the "Burgess sala fauna".Plantologist sometimes refer to a sequence of faunal stages, which is a series of rocks all containing similar fossils.
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Primates unique to India include the Lion-tailed Macaque, the Southern Plains Gray Langur , the Nilgiri Langur , the Bonnet Macaque and the Arunachal Macaque . Other endemic mammals include the Nilgiri Marten , the Brown Palm Civet , the Malabar Civet, the Indian Giant Squirrel , the Namdapha Flying Squirrel and the Long-tailed Climbing Mouse . Also sometimes considered full species are the Khur , the Kashmir Deer , the Sangai , the Upland Barasingha , and the Deccan Chinkara . Representing endemic genera are the Nilgiri Tahr , the Pygmy Hog, the Madras Tree Shrew , Salim Ali's Fruit Bat ,the Elvira Rat, and the Malabar Spiny Dormouse .

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