Lok Nayak JP Narayan was a
selfless freedom fighter of India, social reformer, political thinker,
political leader and a gentleman. He was well respected by all political
parties and people in India.
He was impressed with stories of valour of Rajuput
Kings and Bhagawd Gita. So he developed noble qualities. He married
very early in his life at the age of 18 yrs, a freedom fighter “Prabhavati
Devi”. She lived in Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram in Gujrat participating
freedom struggles and social activities of Kasturba Gandhi.
He was impressed by Maulana Azad and left English
school and joined Vidyapeeth run by the Congress. He went to USA for higher
studies in political science, economics and sociology. On returning from
USA he joined Indian National Congress in 1929. It was on the call of
Pandit Nehru to help free the nation. Gandhiji became his mentor and Guru
too. . He was jailed many times during the independence struggle.
He was tortured by British, unlike other national leaders.
He participated in activities along with Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo
Masaani, Ashok Mehta, and Yusuf Desai. He was jailed during the
civil disobedience movement initiated by Gandhiji in 1932. He escape the
jail with the help of his friends. Then he became the general secretary
of the newly formed “Congress Socialist Party”, within the Congress party.
During the Quit India movement in August 1942, he
participated at the frontline as one of its leaders. He along with
Yogendra Shukla and others escaped the Jail to start underground activities for
Freddom struggle. After the death of Gandhiji, CSP became the first
socialist opposition party to ruling congress, due to the differences in the
political philosophies, capitalism vs socialism. JP was awarded Bharat
Ratna award for all his contributions to Indian people.