particle is the other name of the Higgs Boson particle. It is an elementary or fundamental particle
in the standard models of particles in physics. It is very important is particle physics. Existence of God particle explains many
properties (like mass) of certain fundamental particles, like quarks and
electrons. Such properties have puzzled
scientists for a long time.
model (particle physics) is the theory that assumes electromagnetic, weak and strong forces among
nuclear particles in an atom. It
describes all sub atomic particles including quarks, top quark, neutrino and
observed that some field (Higgs field) exists throughout the space and it
breaks the symmetry laws of the weak electrostatic attraction between
particles. The Higgs field explains that
this weak force becoming very large at very short range. This Higgs field explains the existence of
mass for electrons, quarks and other fundamental particles.
thought that god particle exists everywhere in the universe. On 4th July 2012, in the CERN’s
laboratory facility this particle was created for observation. Its mass was about 125 GeV/c2. It was assumed to have an even parity
(positive) and zero spin. These are the
fundamental properties of Higgs Boson particle.
In 2013, Peter Higgs was awarded the Noble prize for this discovery.
particle has no spin, no electric charge and no color charge on it. It is very unstable and immediately decays
into other particles.
It is the first scalar boson particle that has
spin (quantum theory) value 0. Other
known scalar boson particles (alpha particle and pi meson) have non-zero spin.
particle does not explain the existence of the Universe and all its properties.
It does not create the world. Its
name is misleading in that sense.