English became the supreme naval power in Europe after defeating Spanish Armada in 1588.
they became anxious to trade with the Asian countries. they organized a company to do the trade with east. the name of their company was east India company .the ambassador of king James |,whose name was Hawkins, got a Furman from mughal emperor jahangir to open a factory at Surat in 1609. due to the intrigues by the Portuguese this firman was withdrawn by the mughal emperor,but the English defeated the Portuguese in 1612.
east india company came as a trader in india . but after seeing the condition of indai they start ruling india and establish a colonail rule. after the revolt of 1857 the east india company had to leave india but after it india came directly under the queens crown of britain.