Some of the measures that can be taken are:

1. Since it is a coastal area, large windmills can be installed so that energy from a renewable source can be obtained.
2. Use of coal, wood etc. should be banned for domestic use. Instead of that, LPG gas can be used for cooking purposes.
3. Instead of using personal cars, public transport should be used. It will minimise the air pollution to a great extent.
4. Water and  electricity should not be wasted. 
5. Whenever possible, bicycle should be used instead of motorized vehicles.
6. Wastes should be disposed properly so that it will not affect the environment adversely.
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