"Amber" is a substance that is secreted by some trees as a waste product. Long ago, the ancient Greeks found out that, when rubbed with wool, the amber attracted light objects like hair. The Greeks named this phenomenon "elektron" after the Greek word for amber. Over time, it became "electricity", and it is called "static" electricity because the charged particles ("electrons") are not in motion.
Static Electricity -- Electric discharge resulting from the accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.
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