The role of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in making of modern India
Abul Kalam Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was a scholar and a leader for all Indian people in the time of great turmoil. He started his political career as a Muslim Indian revolutionist strongly opposing British Raj. It's worth mentioning that he was imprisoned numerous times for his anti-british activities.
Originally, Abul Kalam Azad was an Urdu poet and thanks to his way with words and passion for politics, he decided on starting a couple of journals. He wanted to express his frustration through his writing but it soon turned out to be quite a tough feet to achieve thank to British censorship. Censors closed more than one of the journals he founded. Those events as well as his imprisonment pushed him to become more active as a politician. After meeting with Ghandi, he became his devoted friend, working on behalf of all Indian people.
On of the biggest struggles he had to face was the religious partitioning of the country. He always believed that all Indian people are equal. For him, things like being a Muslim, Hindu or Christian didn't matter - all Indian people deserved to be treated equally in his mind. He said:
"... Full eleven centuries have passed by since then. Islam has now as great a claim on the soil of India as Hinduism. If Hinduism has been the religion of the people here for several thousands of years Islam also has been their religion for a thousand years. Just as a Hindu can say with pride that he is an Indian and follows Hinduism, so also we can say with equal pride that we are Indians and follow Islam. I shall enlarge this orbit still further. The Indian Christian is equally entitled to say with pride that he is an Indian and is following a religion of India, namely Christianity."
Because of that fact, he had often fought with Muhammad Ali Jinnah - leader of Indian Muslim League, which, from Azad's point of view, wanted a supremacy for Muslim Indians. After the partitioning (which he did not approve), Abul Kalam was dealing with the fallout, organizing help for the victims of the hate raids aimed at people of different religion.
After that time he was elected the first Ministry of Education in modern Indian history. He was involved in education even before - during the occupation, he organised an all-Indian school for kids in Delhi. He was one of the founders of the educational system of India as well as one of its most devoted ambassadors.
He is remembered as Maulana - a learned man.
I hope you like it and that it's helpful to you :)