Most men in ancient times (in all societies) were primarily active in
farming and fishing. As food production increased, people were able to
branch out into other occupations.
In most societies, women have traditionally taken care of the home and
children while men have worked on production. Women have often
cultivated food crops; men became hunters and cultivated other crops.
Most homebuilding was done by men, often with the help of their neighbors. Men were called upon to fight in wars.
Other jobs: priest, potterer, emperor