Competition has existed as long as mankind has existed. Even the earliest human beings who hunted, gathered, planted and harvested were involved in a sort of unwitting competition. The shepherd who sought out the best patch of grass, the hunter who was willing to go to the furthest field, the farmer who took the most meticulous care of his crops, the merchant who searched for and sold the most quality wares were in a kind of competition for the best grazing, the fattest game, the best arable acreage, the finest products.