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Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The democratically elected government adopted a series of measures to establish Sinhala supremacy.In 1956, an Act was passed to make Sinhala as the official language.The government followed preferential policies favoring Sinhala applicants for University positions and government jobs.The constitution provided for State protection for Buddhism.The Sri Lankan Tamils felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders were sensitive to their language and culture and denied them equal political rights which led to increased feeling of alienation among them.
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1)Sinhala was made only official language disregarding Tamil.
2)For university positions and government jobs,sinhala applicants were preferred
3)The constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.
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