URBANIZATION is a socio economic process by which an increasing proportion of the population of an area becomes concentrated into the towns and cities.The term is also defined as the level of population concentration in urban areas.
The process of urbanization increases both the numbers and size of towns and cities.
Here large number of people becomes permanently concentrated in small areas forming cities.The definition of a city or an urban area changes from time to time and place to place.
Urbanization thereby contribute to modernisation and social change.It is beneficial because of better opportunity for earning higher incomes,better infrastructure and better awareness and response of people to social issues in general.
However,urbanization is not an unmixed blessing.Shortage of land,the growing gap between the demand and supply of basic facilities and services and finally,massive environmental pollution in cities,adversaly affect the qualityof urban life.