sperm cells have three parts having different uses :-
i . head - contains nucleus and hydrolytic enzymes
ii. neck - contains proximal centriole which gives support to axial filament of sperm .
iii. middle - contains power house i.e. mitochondrial spiral .
iv . tail - by this part sperm is able to move or swim in fluid medium from testis to ovum .
when sperm reaches to ovum then its tail is left behind and his head get penetrated and forms zygote