Human–wildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat. It occurs when growing human populations overlap with established wildlife territory, creating reduction of resources or life to some people and/or wild animals. The conflict takes many forms ranging from loss of life or injury to humans, and animals both wild and domesticated, to competition for scarce resources to loss and degradation of habitat.Human–wildlife conflict occurs with various negative results. The major outcomes of human-wildlife conflict are:Injury and loss of life of humans and wildlife.Crop damage, livestock depredation, predation of managed wildlife stock.Damage to human property.Trophic cascades.Destruction of habitat.Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges.The aim of conflict resolution or management is to reduce the potential for human-wildlife conflicts in order to protect life and limb, safety and security of animal populations, habitat and general biodiversity, and also to minimise damage to property. The preference is always for passive, non-intrusive prevention measures but often active intervention is required to be carried out in conjunction
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