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Features of the Indian Constitution

1. Fundamental Rights

Justiciable in nature (i.e. they are legally enforceable by the court of law)It promotes political democracy Not absolute in nature & have some restrictions Parliament can amend them but not those provisions that form the “basic” structure of the constitution Suspended during National Emergency (Except Article 20 & 21)
-(Article 20 - Protection in respect of conviction for offences)
-(Article 21 - Protection of life and personal liberty)

2. Fundamental Duties

Non-justiciable in nature (i.e. they are not legally enforceable by the court of law)Not present in the original constitution. (Added by 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 on the recommendation by Swaran Singh committee.)Reminds people that while enjoying rights they have some duties to do

3. Directive Principles of State Policy

Non-justiciable in nature (i.e. they are not legally enforceable by the court of law)Ambedkar described it as “novel feature” of Constitution Promotes social and economic democracy Aims to establish welfare state

4. Lengthiest Written Constitution

Indian constitution is the lengthiest written constitution so far. Reasons for such a vast length:Single constitution for Centre and all the states Mainly derived from Government of India Act, 1935 which itself was bulky Geographical factors i.e. the vastness of the country and its diversity dominance of legal luminaries in the Constituent Assembly.

5. Rigidity and Flexibility

Indian Constitution is not very rigid as the US constitution nor it is as flexible as the British constitution. Synthesis of both.
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