Tropical Evergreen Forests: These forests are also called the tropical rainforests. These forests are found in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics. These regions are hot and receive plenty of rainfall throughout the year. Since rainfall is throughout the year, there is no particular dry season. Hence the trees do not shed their leaves altogether and the trees always appear green. This is the reason they are called evergreen.The trees are closely spaced. Thick canopies of these closely spaced trees do not allow sunlight to penetrate inside the forest even in day time. The following hardwood trees are common here; rosewood, ebony, mahogany, etc.
Tropical Deciduous Forests: These are the monsoon forests. They are found in the large part of India, Northern Australia and Central America. These regions experience seasonal changes. Trees shed their leaves in the dry season to conserve water. Due to this, these are called deciduous trees. Sal, teak, neem and sheesham are the common trees found in this forest. Tiger, lion, elephant, etc. are the common animals.