Significance Of Constitution
The primary function of a constitution is to
lay out the basic structure of the government according to which the
people are to be governed. It is the constitution of a country, which
establishes the three main organs of the government, namely, the
legislature, executive and judiciary.
The constitution of a country not only defines
the powers allotted to each of the three main organs, but it also
significantly makes a clear demarcation of the responsibilities assigned
to each of them. It effectively regulates the relationship between
these organs as well as the relationship between the government and its
Since the country’s constitution stands
superior to all the laws framed within the territorial precincts of the
country, any law enacted by the ruling government has to be in
conformity with the concerned constitution. As such, the citizens would,
in turn, be abiding by not just the law, but also working in sync with
the demarcations of the constitution laid by the country.
The constitution does not simply provide a
recipe for an efficient government, but also deals with limitations on
power. Since power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely, a
constitution is established to restrict the abuse of power by those who
conduct governmental functions.
The constitution of a particular country lays
down the national goals which form the basic edifice on which the nation
rests upon. For instance, the constitution of India has inscribed in it
the primary facets of the nation which are democracy, socialism,
secularism and national integration.
A constitution, besides thrusting on the rights
of the citizens of the concerned nation, also has embedded in it the
duties that the citizens require to adhere to as well.