Relative pronouns are used to relate two clauses which share a common word. For instance, consider the two following English sentences: “The man is standing there”; “The man is my brother”. These sentences can be combined by using a relative pronoun: “The man who is standing there is my brother.” The relative pronoun “who” related the common factor of both sentences: “the man”. The pronoun “who” has the antecedent “man” (it refers to “man”). The entire relative clause “who is standing there” is like an adjective in this case.
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