Forest ecology is the scientific study of the interrelated patterns, processes,flora, fauna and ecosystems in forests. The management of forests is known asforestry. A forest ecosystem is a natural woodland unit consisting of all plants, animals and micro-organisms in that area functioning together with all of the non-living physical factors of the environment.The forest ecosystem is very important.
Forest ecology is one branch of a biotically-oriented classification of types of ecological study (as opposed to a classification based on organizational level or complexity, for examplepopulation or community ecology). Thus, forests are studied at a number of organizational levels, from the individualorganism to the ecosystem. However, as the term forest connotes an area inhabited by more than one organism, forest ecology most often concentrates on the level of the population,community or ecosystem. Logically,trees are an important component of forest research, but the wide variety of other life forms and abiotic componentsin most forests means that other elements, such as wildlife or soilnutrients, are often the focal point. Thus, forest ecology is a highly diverse and important branch of ecological study.