There are six major controls of the climate of any place.They are
3)pressure and wind system
4)distance from the sea
5)ocean currents
6)relief features
Due to the curvature of earth amount as solar energy received varies according to latitude.As a result air temperature decreases.
As one moves from surface to higher altitudes of the earth,temperature decreases.
The pressure and wind system of an area depend on Latitude and Altitude.
The sea exerts a moderating influence on climate.As the distance from the sea decreases its moderating influence decreases.This condition is known as continentality.
Relief also  plays a major role in determining the climate of an area.High mountains act as barriers for cold or hot winds;they may also cause precipitation if they are high enough and lie in the path of rain bearing winds.
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