Simile: Defines some sort of similarity to the different kinds of things. Example, like, as.
Metaphor: The phrase that is used to describe similarity of two things like, he is a walking dictionary.
Personification: Describes the quality of anyone like, the sky cries.
Repetition: Repeated use of anything like, laugh, laugh and laugh.
Oxymoron: Describe two opposite ideas together like, living death
Refrain: The repeated lines in any poem like, ‘I was a child and she was a child’ (Annabel Lee).
Onomatopoeia: Resembles the sound and word that you speak like hiss.
Paradox: To make an unchangeable argument like, be cruel to be kind.
A pun: A word that is different in meaning and similar in sound like, "You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish. Unless, of course, you play bass." - Douglas Adams
Hyperbole: To exaggerate like, I have already told you this million times.