Dr S. Radhakrishnan, India's first vice president and second president, said “Pandit Malaviyaji is a Karmayogin. He is not only a representative of Hinduism but the soul of Hinduism. He had strived all through his life for the Hindu ideals and we see the combination of idealism and practical wisdom.......”
Pandit Madan Mohan was born in a Brahmin family of Allahabad on December 25, 1861. His father's name was Pandit Malviya Brij Nath and mother’s name was Mona Devi. He had six brothers and two sisters. His education began at the age of five when he was sent to the school of Pandit Hardeva. After completing his studies from Calcutta University, in 1884 he was appointed as a teacher at his old school for a merge salary of Rs 40 per month. After completing his law degree in 1891, he started practicing law in Allahabad district court, and later moved to the Allahabad High Court in December 1893.
He was an Indian educationist and politician notable for his role in the Indian independence movement and as the four time president of Indian National Congress. He is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi in 1916. Malaviya was one of the founders of Scouting in India. He also founded English-newspaper, The Leader published from Allahabad in 1909. He was also the Chairman of Hindustan Times for two years. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya is known for his contribution in India’s education system and his role in the Indian Independence movement.
Pandit ji was a great politican. He served the Congress for almost 50 years and worked with 50 Congress Presidents. He worked as the secretary of ‘Prayag Hindu society’ in 1880 and played an active part in organizing the ‘Madhya Bharat Hindu Samaj Conference’ at Allahabad in 1885.He initiated the ‘Shudhdhikaran’ movement for the Harijans and worked for the emancipation of women. He was the President of the Conference in Bombay (1932) for the removal of untouchability. In 1941, he started the ‘Cow Protection Society’.
Pandit Madan Mohan selflessly spent his life to serve the nation. He died on November 12, 1946, at the age of 85 but his vision is still alive. On December 24, 2014, Madan Mohan Malaviya was honored with Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour for his contribution in the fields of education, journalism and service to his country. He dedicated his life to work for the welfare of people, progress of his homeland and in the service of needy. He was an epitome of a ‘karmayogi’ in true sense.