Universal adult franchise (universal suffrage ) means all citizens who's age is above 18 have the right to vote.The concept of universal suffrage originally referred to all male citizens having the right to vote, regardless of property requirements or other measures of wealth. But now the concept of universal suffrage is that all citizens having the right of vote ,irrespective of race or gender. Republican France first instituted universal male suffrage in 1792.New Zealand became the first nation in the world to achieve universal (male and female) suffrage in 1893.
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They protested in mases and never gave up 
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