Policy making is impacted by political parties in a couple of ways. The
most basic element is that an elected representative who is loyal to
their party must generate policies that reflect the overall platform of
the party. If not, they certainly must speak out against policies that
go against party platform ideas. In this, political party influence
policy making because it forces representatives to make fundamental
choices between what is advocated in the legislative sphere and what is
embraced by the party. It is essential for the representative to ensure
that they have the support of the political party. Losing this is
almost as bad as losing the support of their represented people. The
political party influences the direction of policies advocated and
initiated in that the legislation that comes out of the representative
sphere of government is reflective of the party's belief system. In the
past summer, the United States political sphere saw this with the
debate on the raising of the debt ceiling. The Republican Party was
committed to not raising the debt ceiling. This became part of the
party's belief system. Members of the Tea Party wing of the Republican
Party were committed to this idea. In the end, this is a good
reflection of how political parties can influence policy making.
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