1. Distinguish between natural and man-made disasters. Give examples of each. Illustrate with the help of pictures, data etc. (Should be done in the file) 2. 2 On an outline map of the world, mark TEN democratic countries. 3. 3. What is poverty? What is being done by the government for the removal of poverty? What else can be done?




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Natural Disasters: The disasters which are caused by the nature are known as natural disasters, like earthquakes, drought, heat waves, hurricanes etc. For example: The famines which caused the death of 70 million people in the 20th century and 30 million people died between 1958 to 1961 in China.

Man Made Disasters: The disasters caused by the human error or due to the failed systems are known as man made disasters. For example; disasters in transportation, rail, road etc.

The democratic countries are; India Canada Australia France USA Germany Italy Austria Belgium Sri Lanka

Poverty: The poverty can be defined to the inability to fulfill the basic needs of life. In India, many measures are there to decrease poverty like; Employment Assurance Scheme Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana Annapurna