The phenomenon where by the Earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation because of gases like corbon dioxide water vapour,and methane is called greenhouse effect .without natural greenhouse effect ,the Earth's surface would have been too cold to sustain life .

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Greenhouse effect:

The process to increase the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere because of the presence of greenhouse gases is known as the greenhouse effect.

All the gases form a blanket around the earth, which always reflect the heat rays. The concentration of greenhouse gases will lead to the increase in temperature, which results in the increase of overall temperature of the earth.