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On the eve of independence, the Indian economy:

- There were low level of income.
- The economy at the time of independence was very bad.
- The handicraft industries were cotton and silk textile which gave special place in India.
- British government changed the whole structure and economic policies for the protection of the economic status of Britians rather than the India.
- The main reason for the slow growth of population was poverty, famines and poor health facilities.
- The British also tried to link administrative and military centers through railway and the ultimate goal was to earn profit.