Main causes of poverty in India are :- 1. Landlessness 2. Unemployment 3. Illiteracy 4. Poor health 5. Child labour One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.

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The causes of poverty are:
- There are less job opportunities.
- There is a low growth rate of income.
- The population is increasing day by day.
- There is an inequality of income.
- The unequal distribution of land and other resources in India.
- The lack of proper policies.