The nickname ‘November Criminals’ was given by their opponents to the German politicians who negotiated and signed the Armistice which ended World War One in 1918, who felt the army had enough strength to continue and that surrendering was a betrayal, a crime. These opponents were chiefly right wingers, and the idea that the November Criminals had ‘stabbed Germany in the back’ by engineering surrender was partly created by the German military itself, who manoeuvred the situation so the civilians would be blamed for conceding a war leading generals also felt couldn’t be won, but which they didn’t wish to admit.