These consist of specific privileges shared
by the majority of free-thinking and
tolerant republics, such as equivalence
before law, sovereignty of discourse and
countenance, and peaceable get-together,
independence to exercise religious
conviction, and the privilege to legal
solutions for the safeguard of civic
privileges via court orders. Defilement of
these privileges effects in punishments as
recommended by the Indian Penal Code or
other distinct commandments, exposed to
freedom of choice of the courts.
Fundamental privileges for Indians have
been meant to tip up the disparities of
pre-independence communal exercises.
Unmistakably, they have also been utilized
to eliminate untouchability and
consequently forbid prejudice and bigotry
on the basis of religious conviction, ethnic
groups, social group, gender, or abode of
birth. Similarly, they prohibit trading of
human beings as well as compulsory labour.
Likewise, they protect traditional and
learning prerogatives of cultural and
spiritual subgroups by permitting them to
sustain their languages and also institute
and control their own
teaching organisations.
3 4 3