The assertive nationalists emerged upon seeing that their predecessors, the Early Nationalists, were not successful. The Assertive Nationalists believed in striking a hard line stance against the British . They believed that independence from England would only happen if there was a sense of complete boycotting of foreign goods, and ensuring that Indian independence was a state of mind apart from the British. The Assertive Nationalists were not interested in negotiating with the British or easing into freedom. Rather, they wanted independence from England and they wanted it at that instant. They argued for the Swadeshi Movement, which was critical in establishing the state of mind of Indian independence from Britain.