The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. Akbar had died in 1605 and he was succeeded by his son Jahangir. It was under Akbar’s reign that the Mughal Empire reached its greatest heights and glory.