This paper describes mineral resources and the demand for them, taking into account the dynamics and global trends in the economy of raw materials. It presents the importance of mineral resources in the development of the world economy, and the importance of mineral resources that are critical for economic development. The main assumptions presented in this paper are the main assumptions that relate to the sustainable development of the mining sector, the ones that will significantly shape the development of mining in the future.
It should be emphasised that sustainable development is, in any case, an ongoing process, and not a temporary undertaking. It has clearly defined goals and means of achieving them, in all of the above mentioned key areas (Dubrńki, Turek, Wachowicz 2007). It is assumed that these areas are of equal importance. Hence, the emphasis on one area usually leads to a crisis across the entire area of mining activity.
Economic growth means achieving long-term sustainability both in regards to planned production volumes, and in meeting the needs of customers, as well as achieving economic efficiency obtained from the sale of the excavated mineral.
Protection of natural resources and of the environment means concern for the bed and the protection of its resources by its rational acquisition, which is characterised by savings in its depletion. This also means taking measures that minimise the negative impact of the different processes related to the extraction of mineral resources on the various forms of the geological environment and natural environment on the surface.
Social responsibility, taking into consideration the nature of the mining environment, this means above all ensuring safe working conditions, but also concern the social aspects of mining, including the families of miners, the mining environment, etc. agr accha lga to like kr dena