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There are two ways we can look at this activity. One is visiting some place for a reason and then go as a tourist or you can directly go as a tourist. You already know that tourism is an activity done by an individual or a group, moving from one place to another, from a country to another for performing a specific task, or a visit to a place or several places for entertainment which leads to an awareness of other civilizations and cultures and history. Tourism is an important industry that depends on culture and science and has a direct impact on the national revenue for all touristic countries.
Forms of Tourism
There are different purposes of visits
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Based on the purpose of visit tourism is categorized into the following
Tourists may travel to experience a change in climate and place and learn something new, enjoy pleasant scenery, or to know more about the culture of a destination. Tourists, who seek break from the stress of day to day life, devote their holiday to rest and relaxation, refresh themselves. These tourists prefer to stay in some quiet and relaxed destination preferably at a hill resort, beach resort or island resort. Nowadays tourists undertake various adventure sports activities for leisure and to refresh themselves after working hard. This tourism includes following forms based on the activities undertaken:
It is also called as heritage tourism. People are curious to know about foreign lands and their cultures. Culture is most important factors which attracts tourists to a destination.
Cultural tourism gives insight to
Way of life of the people of distant land
Dress, jewellery, dance, music, architecture
Customs and traditions
Fairs and festivals
It is also called as Pilgrimage tourism / Spiritual tourism. It is a form of tourism, where people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage. The world's largest form of mass religious tourism takes place at the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Modern religious tourists are more able to visit holy cities and holy sites around the world. The most famous holy cities are Jerusalem, Mecca and Varanasi.
Family tourism involves the family unit and their participation in diverse forms of tourism activity. This includes visiting one’s relatives and friends for interpersonal reasons. Many people in India travel for visiting their friends and relatives. While visiting friends or relatives, people also visit tourists’ attractions in and around the city.
Health tourism is also called as Medical tourism. People have been travelling for centuries to improve and rebuild their health and stamina. Today, many people travel great distances to exotic locations or health care facilities in faraway countries, in search of medical treatment and care. Medical tourism is an age-old concept that has gained popularity in the recent times. Many developing countries are emerging as hot medical tourism destinations capitalizing on low cost advantages. Many hospitals have specially designed packages including resorts facilities. Thus health tourism covers one or more of the following aspects-
Change of climate
Alternative therapy- Ayruvedic treatment, hot Sulphur springs, Naturopathy and art of living
Sports Tourism refers to travel which involves either viewing or participating in a sporting event staying apart from their usual environment. Sport tourism is a fast growing sector of the global travel industry. Sports tourism refers to people travelling to participate in a competitive sport event. Normally these kinds of events are the motivators that attract visitors to visit the events like Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup. Sports tourism can be adventurous also. Adventure sport tourism is also called as Adventure tourism. Adventure sport tourism is more challenging because it takes the tourists into regions which are less frequently visited and may not have easy access. According to the National Tour Association, adventure tourism is a "tour designed around an adventurous activity such as rafting, hiking, or mountain climbing."
Adventure sports tourism is a package of
Thrills of participating in an adventure
Adventure tourism has various forms, which can be broadly categorized as follows:
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Educational tourism developed, because of the growing popularity of teaching and learning of knowledge and the enhancing of technical competency outside of the classroom environment. In educational tourism, the main focus of the tour visiting another country to learn about the culture, such as in Student Exchange Programs and Study Tours, organizing specialized lectures of the eminent personalities and for research. image:Research.png|100px image:Learning.png|100px image:Teaching.png|100