.They have a very fertile soil type which is full of nutrients required for growing crops like wheat and rice etc.

.Its balanced level land is best for industrialisation.

. It has a vast density of population due to moderate climate and good survival adaptations.

Q:What is the Importance of northern plains for India?
Northern plains form the repositary of cultural and ancient heritage of India. The birth place of the green revolution, these are one of the most densely populated regions in the whole world(40% of Indian population lives here). Its importance can be highlighted by the following factors:

1. It forms one of the most fertile regions in the country. The nutrients deposited by the Himalayan rivers make the soil rich and fertile for growing a variety of crops here such as wheat, rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds sugarcane etc. Further it has well developed roads ,railways and navigable waterways which promotes trade and commerce in this region. With the 11th plan aiming a 4% agricultural growth by 2012, the importance of this region can not be overemphasized.

2. This region is also important from the point of view of tourism and pilgrimage. It is the abode of many ancient holy places, temples and monuments such as the Golden Temple, Ayodhya, Patliputra, Tajmahal, Mathura, etc. These places not only have a religious significnce to the natives but also are important from the tourism point ofview, which forms the invisible portion of our Balance of trade.