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 Voting is a recognized manifestation of inclination for a contender for an administrative center or for a recommended determination of a matter. Voting mostly occurs in the background of an extensive countrywide or local election; yet, native and limited public elections can be just as precarious to singular contribution in administration. The Worldwide Pronouncement of Human Rights implemented consistently by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, identifies the vital part that obvious and uncluttered elections perform in guaranteeing the fundamental right to partaking government. Every person has the privilege of one and the same right of entry to public service in their country. While the fortitude to vote is extensively accepted as a necessary human right, this privilege is not effusively obligatory for lots of persons across the globe. Constantly excluded clusters consist of the following:  
i.         Non- residents  
ii.         Adolescents 
iii.         Subgroups  
iv.          Those who perform offenses 
v.          Destitute   
vi.          Incapacitated individuals 
vii.         Numerous others who are deficient in access to the vote for an assortment of reasons such as penury, lack of education, terrorization, or bigoted election progressions. India has a disproportionate federal government, with chosen representatives at the national, administration and indigenous echelons. At the nation-wide rank, the top of administration, the prime minister is chosen by representatives of the Lok Sabha----- the subordinate house of the parliament of India.  The elections are piloted by the Election Commission of India. All representatives of the Lok Sabha, excluding two who can be chosen by the President of India, are straightforwardly chosen through general elections which come about every five years. Elections in India are a replication of the system of power which is realized prevailing in the country. India is a statutory republic with a congressional system of government, and at the core of the system is a promise to command consistent, open and just elections.  
When you have a duty, a sense of moral as well as societal obligation is attached to it. That being said, the Constitution of India lists down certain fundamental duties upon the citizens of India under Article 51A. These duties cover a range of areas like environment, education, as well as to promote peace, feeling of nationality, protection of national property etc.

So a right is obligatory as well as enforceable/recognizable by law, whereas a duty is notmandatory, but would be a positive action if one does follow them. Both rights and duties do interconnect at some point, which becomes relevant when you look at your conduct as a Citizen of the country. For instance: Duty to protect environment may relate to the Right to Life and Livelihood (which also includes living with dignity). Now that the concept of right and duty is little clear, understand that the ability to vote is neither a fundamental right nor a duty.

Your right to vote is a legally recognized power of choice attributed to you as a citizen of India. You can choose not to vote, but as a citizen, you may also choose to contribute to the selection procedure of your own
representatives into the Parliament by this process. 
It is a choice. As a part of a democracy.