Answers

2016-01-11T23:12:26+05:30
The sciences have contributed more than any other construct or concept to a better understanding of human behavior, history, and it provides the keys to our future. The birth and understanding of Rationalism helped us stop thinking in terms of minute scales with preconceptions based off myths and hearsay. Because of the sciences we're far more intelligent than ever before. Even the most uneducated today have at their disposal the tools and information of generations of reason and empirical thought.
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 Science is just a study by humans. Who knows if the research done by a science is true or not? False information can be distributed to the world. Science also spend too much money on researching. It will increase the tax of the public as the government will spend money. Science can also be life-threatening. If scientists are confronted by a dangerous animal or operating on another person this could a large amount of accidents and deaths.
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Science is without question a vital discipline for the future of human society. Science will continue to provide innovative solutions to problems. Some of the problems science will solve include energy, waste disposal, transportation, and communications. Whenever problems arise in these areas, scientific developments can be used to resolve those problems and move humanity forward.
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Science, says Kevin Kelly, is the process of changing how we know things.  It is the foundation our culture and society.  While civilizations come and go, science grows steadily onward.  It does this by watching itself.

Recursion is the essence of science.  For example, science papers cite other science papers, and that process of research pointing at itself invokes a whole higher level, the emergent shape of citation space.  Recursion always does that.  It is the engine of scientific progress
of research pointing at itself invokes a whole higher level, the emergent shape of citation space.  Recursion always does that.  It is the engine of scientific progress and thus of the progress of society.

A particularly fruitful way to look at the history of science is to study how science itself has changed over time, with an eye to what that trajectory might suggest about the future.  Kelly chronicled a sequence of new recursive devices in science...

2000 BC — First text indexes
200 BC — 
200 BC — Cataloged library (at Alexandria)
1000 AD — Collaborative encyclopedia
1590 — Controlled experiment (Roger Bacon)
1600 — Laboratory
1609 — Telescopes and microscopes
1650 — Society of experts
1665 — Repeatability (Robert Boyle)
1665 — Scholarly journals
1675 — Peer review
1687 — Hypothesis/prediction (Isaac Newton)
1920 — Falsifiability (Karl Popper)
1926 — Randomized design (Ronald Fisher)
1937 — Controlled placebo
1946 — Computer simulation
1950 — Double blind experiment
1962 — Study 
Projecting forward, Kelly had five things to say about the next 100 years in science...

1)  There will be more change in the next 50 years of science than in the last 400 years.

2)  This will be a century of biology.  It is the domain with the most scientists, the most new results, the most economic value, the most ethical importance, and the most to learn.

3)  Computers will keep leading to new ways of science.  Information is growing by 66% per year while physical production grows by onl
2016-01-11T23:13:13+05:30
The role of science and technology in future design will be discussed from the perspective of someone who has lived all his life in the United States and whose scientific experience has spanned the years since the late 1930s. It is likely that the reader will find in my discussion characteristics that apply to many developed countries and developing ones. Inasmuch as scientific progress is highly dependent on financial support and, in modern times, on general societal support, it is appropriate to discuss the interaction of science and society. Using the United States as an example, some of the topics to be discussed are the views of public officials who influence the distribution of research funds, the response of funding agencies and the views of scientists. Finally, we shall look at the co-evolution of science and society and attempt to draw some conclusions concerning their related future and the implications for the future of technology.
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