NREGA was passed in September 2005.
The Act provides for 100-days assured employment to every rural household in 200 districts.
Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts.
However, the results of these programmes have not been very effective. One of the major reasons for their less effectiveness is the lack of proper implementation and right targeting.
Also, there has been overlapping of schemes.
Therefore, the major emphasis in recent years is on their proper monitoring.