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All living in a state are inhabitants and citizens of the state. A citizen of a state enjoys some social and political rights. Besides, a citizen of the state has many duties and responsibilities, just as he has social and economical rights.
The relation between state and country is inseparable. As there is a state, there are citizens. Again, the existence of state is beyond imagination without citizens. The more the citizens of a country will become good citizens, the more the country will be developed. So, there is the role of citizens in the development of the country.  
   We enjoy various privileges from the country as citizens. These are our fundamental and general rights as citizens. Such as, right to speech, right to freedom, right to education, etc.

   In exchange for it, we also have different duties and responsibilities. We have to perform these duties and responsibilities for the development of the country. 
A citizen must be a permanent inhabitant and be loyal to the state. He must think of the welfare of the state. 

In a modern state, the role of citizen is very important. 
In modern democratic states, people are owners of the absolute power of the state. But, citizens cannot directly participate in the running of the state administration. In democratic states, people can help one party to form the government by voting it to power for a definite tenure. If the government does not perform any good work for the country, people will not vote for that party next time.

Therefore, performing the state administration, establishing good governance and all such types of developments in an indirect manner. It depends on the honesty, and efficiency of citizens. 

So, not only the government is responsible for the development of the country. Citizens also have to perform their duties perfectly. Then, only can the country proceed quickly towards steady development.


The Constitution of India has granted some fundamental rights to her Citizens. there are seven in number, such as; (1) right to equality, (2) right to freedom, (3) right against exploitation, (4) right to freedom of religion, (5) cultural and education rights, (6) right to property and (7) right to constitutional remedies.

Right to equality: It guarantees equality of opportunity to all in public employments, without discrimination of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Right to freedom: It guarantees freedom of speech, peaceful assembly, formation of associations and unions, free movement in India, freedom of inhabitation anywhere in India, freedom of acquiring, holding and disposing of properties and freedom of practicing any trade or profession.

Right against exploitation:Forced labour and traffic in human beings are prohibited.

Right of freedom of religion:Freedom of religion is guaranteed subject to provisions for health, morality, peace and order.

Cultural and educational rights: Linguistic, cultural and religious interests of the minorities are protected. They an establish and administer their educational institutions.

Right to property: No person can be unlawfully deprived of this movable and immovable property.

Right to constitutional remedies: Any citizen can move the Supreme Court of India for the enforcement of his fundamental rights.

These rights are guaranteed by the Indian constitution. Any act of the Legislature which affects these fundamental rights can be challenged in a Court of Law.


A citizen should have duties and responsibilities for his country. He should try to do the public good. He should control his conduct on the light of the good of his country. He should exercise his rights with proper judgment and obey the law of road and the like. He should try to build himself to do the best service for the country. He should have patriotism and fellow-feeling. As a citizen, he should know his responsibility to discharge his duties.