Conserving the Environment is a practice of protecting the natural environment
on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit
of both the natural environment and humans. Due to the pressures of
population and technology, the biophysical environment
is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized, and
governments have begun placing restraints on activities that cause environmental degradation. Since the 1960s, activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental issues. There is no agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity, and protection measures are occasionally criticized.
Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental management and environmental engineering,
that teach the history and methods of environment protection.
Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities.
Waste production, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity (resulting from the introduction of invasive species
and species extinction) are some of the issues related to environmental
protection. Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven
factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education. Each of these
factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental
decisions and personal-level environmental values and behaviors. For
environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for
societies to develop each of these areas that, together, will inform and
drive environmental decisions.