The Arts & Crafts movement thrived from the late 19th Century to the beginning of the First World War. The movement encouraged individualism in design as well as execution.

The denotation of art is: (n) The quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.  The denotation of craft is: (n) Skill in doing or making something, as in the arts. Or, to make by hand.  The denotation to these words are very similar and we often see them being used together, like arts&crafts. But, to me personally, they have a very different connotation.

The Art and Crafts Movement enjoyed varying levels of popularity in Britain, continental Europe and the United States, and manifested itself in architecture, furniture, bookbinding, pottery, and textile, as well as numerous other crafts.
The Victorian style of heavily ornamented interiors displaying many pieces of furniture, collections of small ornamental objects, and surfaces covered with fringed cloths prevailed in middle-class homes in England and America during the latter half of the 19th century. Instead simplicity, good crafts man ship and good design came in and the Arts and Crafts movement was born.