What is a Library?The library is a place where there is a large collection of books. Libraries are of two kinds – public andprivate.Some people are very fond of books and collect them to satisfy their thirst for knowledge. They go to public libraries which are open to all and anybody can go and read the books.Some people like lawyers, chartered accountants, doctors, etc., have to consult many books in connection with their respective professions. So, they have to maintain a library of their own. These are private libraries.Sections of a LibraryPublic libraries have got two sections generally. One is the reading-room section and the other is the issue section. In the reading-room varieties of newspapers, weeklies, and monthly magazines are placed on the tables. Anybody can go and read them. A catalog of books is maintained by the librarian. Everybody can consult this catalog and get any book issued for reading in the reading-room.In the issue section a list of members is maintained. The members have to pay a small monthly subscription. They have also to pay an initial deposit as a security for the books. Then they can get books for use at home. The rules regarding issue of books for home-use different from library to library.Benefits and UsesThe library is a very useful institution. It is not possible for everybody to purchase books on every subject. In the library the same books pass through several hands by rotation. A man can read a large number of books at a very little cost or even no cost. It is a fit place for close and careful study. Here, there is no disturbance and everybody can read with rapt attention.The library helps a good deal in spreading knowledge and education. Many books are so costly that a man of average means cannot purchase them. People can derive benefit from these books by consulting them in the library.ConclusionIn India, there are very few good libraries. There is great need for opening a library in each village. Only then can the huge illiteracy prevailing in Indian villages be removed.